The Public Health Agency of Sweden
Updated 3 March 2022

Testing for COVID-19

The Public Health Agency recommends the regions to focus their testing and contact tracing on health and social care in order to protect those who are most at risk of becoming seriously ill with COVID-19. Most members of the general public are no longer tested when experiencing symptoms of COVID-19.

For health and social care staff

If you work in health care, you are recommended to get tested for COVID-19 if you develop symptoms. The same applies to those who work in social care with persons who are at risk of becoming seriously ill with COVID-19.

Visit 1177.se to read about testing procedures in the region where you are located.

You do not need to get tested if you have had COVID-19 in the past three months. However, you should stay home as long as you are ill.

If you test positive you have to stay home and avoid close contact with others for at least five days until you feel well and have been fever-free for at least 48 hours.

You may be requested to get tested in connection with contact tracing or screening even if you do not have any symptoms. 

COVID-19 patient information and rules of conduct (vardgivarguiden.se)

For patients and care users

If you are a patient receiving health care, you should get tested if you develop symptoms of COVID-19. You may be requested to get tested by your doctor if a COVID-19 diagnosis is of importance to your treatment.

Some care users who are at risk of becoming seriously ill with COVID-19 may be recommended to get tested, e.g. people in residential care, or those who have home care services. This also applies to those who attend daily activities within social care.

If you are uncertain whether or not you should get tested, the health and social care staff will inform you what to do.  

For the general public

Most people do not normally need to get tested for COVID-19 when they experience symptoms. Stay home and avoid close contact with others if you are ill and have symptoms that could be due to COVID-19. This also applies if you have taken an antigen self-test, regardless of the test result.

Call telephone number 1177 if you need help assessing your symptoms or advice on where to seek medical care. You can also visit the website 1177.se.

Stay home if you are ill and have symptoms of COVID-19

Stay home from work, school, preschool, and other activities if you feel ill and have symptoms that could be due to COVID-19. Examples of symptoms include a sore throat, runny nose, fever, or cough. The recommendation to stay home applies to all ages. It also applies to those who are vaccinated, and those who have previously had COVID-19.

Preschool children can, just like older children and adults, go back to preschool when they feel well and are in a general good condition. Some respiratory symptoms may persist a while after the infection even in those who have recovered.

The aim of staying home when you feel ill is to prevent spreading the infection further.

If you live with someone who has COVID-19, you do not need to stay home, if you feel well yourself. However, pay attention to symptoms of COVID-19, and stay home if you develop symptoms.

Protect yourself and others – COVID-19 recommendations

Antigen tests in the form of self-tests

There are antigen tests in the form of self-tests, where you take the test and read it yourself.

If you have taken a self-test, you should stay home and avoid close contact with others until you feel well. This applies regardless of the test result. A negative test result from a self-test does not rule out the possibility that you have COVID-19, while a positive test result implies that you most probably have the disease.  

If you do not have any symptoms but choose to take a self-test, you have to assess yourself what to do if your test result is positive. If the test is taken in connection with screening in your workplace, you should follow the instructions given by your employer.

For people who work in health and social care with patients who are at risk of becoming seriously ill with COVID-19, there are special recommendations when receiving a positive test result.