The Public Health Agency of Sweden
Updated 24 March 2023

How to protect yourself and others – COVID-19 recommendations

This is a summary of what you need to do to protect yourself and others from being infected with COVID-19.

Take responsibility for preventing the spread of infection

Everyone has a responsibility for preventing the spread of COVID-19.

Get vaccinated to protect yourself

The vaccination offers strong protection against serious illness from COVID-19.

The Public Health Agency recommends that everyone aged 50 years and above get vaccinated against COVID-19. We also recommend people aged 18 years and above get vaccinated if they belong to a risk group for severe COVID-19.

The number of doses you are advised to take depends on how old you are and whether you belong to any risk group.

Vaccines are also available for people aged 18 to 49 years, even if they are not covered by our recommendation.

At the website you can read about vaccination procedures in the region where you live.

Vaccination against COVID-19 at

It is very rare that healthy children and young people become seriously ill with COVID-19. People under the age of 18 may be offered vaccination against COVID-19 in consultation with their treating physician if they have a disease, condition or diagnosis that could make them seriously ill when getting a respiratory infection, or if they have a markedly impaired immune system.

Stay home when you are ill

Stay home and avoid close contact with others if you are ill and have symptoms of COVID-19. This also applies if you have taken a self-test that was negative.

Call telephone number 1177 if you need help assessing your symptoms or advice on where to seek medical care.

Take extra care if you are not vaccinated

There are special recommendations for those who are not vaccinated according to the recommendations of the Public Health Agency.

If you are 50 years or older, or if you are 18 years or older and belong to a medical risk group, and have not been vaccinated, you should take extra care. This means that you should avoid crowding and indoor environments where many people gather to avoid getting ill. This is particularly important in times of high COVID-19 transmission.

Unvaccinated people belonging to a medical risk group, are at risk of becoming seriously ill with COVID-19. The risk of serious illness increases with age.

Fact sheets

  • How to wash your hands

    The poster in A4 describes what and how you should do to keep your hands clean. Feel free to print it out and put it up in places you think are suitable.

    How to wash your hands