Vaccination programmes and their implementation are of great importance to public health.
Many severe diseases which previously caused significant number of cases and deaths have now more or less become extinct in Sweden. Vaccinations have been paramount to reach this. Following access to clean water, vaccinations are the most efficient way to promote health and save lives.
In Sweden, vaccinations are voluntary. All children are offered vaccinations against eleven diseases within the framework of child and school health services:
- rotavirus infection
- whooping cough
- infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b
- serious diseases caused by pneumococcus
- human papillomavirus (HPV)
Vaccinations included in national programmes shall be offered by regions (or municipalities for school-aged children) free of charge and registered in the national vaccination registry.